mac_setup.html

mac_setup.html

Setting Up an OS X Mac with The Usual Suspects

This page has changed quite a bit since I first created it however many
moons ago. You can find an older version of it
devoted to Tiger, which emphasizes EMACS and the i-Installer approach
to getting LaTex, here
.


I used to use two mostly-identical Macs runing OS X, one at the home and one
on the office. Now that laptop hard drives have become so large, I’ve
switched to doing everyone on my laptop and hooking it to big screens
when I’m at home or at the office.


I put this page together to share my experience in getting my Mac into the
shape I like; hopefully it save some other folks some time.
Here you will findome notes to help make your OS X machine lean and mean
(well, not so lean, but definitely mean). Anytime I need to set up a new Mac,
I run through the notes on this page to make sure I’ve covered everything.

Leopard

Upgrading to Leopard is well worth it.
(Remember something nice that appeared in Jaguar:
The Expose navigation tool is particularly nice; hit F9, F10, or
F11 to bring different things quickly in and out of view).
Make frequent use of the automatic update checker, available
by clicking on “Software Update” in the System Preferences.


Alas, the dock has turned into a confusing pseudo-3D mess, and the
little black arrows that used to indicated what applications are running have
turned into little glowing orbs that are difficult to see against the
reflective dock. A couple of lines from
an
arstechnica column
restores it to sanity:



% defaults write com.apple.dock no-glass -boolean YES
% killall Dock


I recommend installing the Xcode developer’s tools, available on the Leopard
install disk. Even if you never do
any programming yourself, sometimes various package installers will want
to use its facilities.


OS X’s GUI has become rather bloated with superfluous animation.
I recommend going into the Dock settings in the System Preferences
and setting the “Minimizing using” to “Scale Effect” and turning off
“Animate opening applications.”

Some Tricks

Note that in OS X you can type “open filename” at the command line,
and it will open the file with whatever the default program is. So while on
a unix system you might type “acroread paper.pdf,” in OS X you will type
“open paper.pdf”


This “open”
command is pretty flexible. It basically simulates a
double-click. If you give it a folder or
application, it will open that folder or
application. “open -a application file”
opens a file in the specified application, and “open http://website” opens
a website in the default browser. “open -e file” will open the file
in TextEdit.


Be sure to “show status bar” (under “View”) in Safari.

<!–

Mouting Fileshares in CSIP

(This will only be meaningful if you work at CSIP at Georgia Tech.) Select
“Connect to Server…” from the “Go” menu in the Finder. Our server in
CSIP, “yamsa,” does not automatically appear on the list for some reason.
So, enter smb://yamsa.ece.gatech.edu. When the dialog box appears, click
“Authenticate” – it won’t know to look for your particular personal
directory unless you do. Enter your username and
password, then use the drop-down menu
to select your file share with your login name, and you should be good
to go.


I like to have a symbolic link “u” sitting in the root directory to point
to my mounted fileshare, so I can reference files like /u/tex/myproposal.
To set up this link, you can do:

sudo ln -s /Volumes/yamsa.ece.gatech.edu /u

It will probably prompt you for the admin password.
–>

X Windows

In the early days, if you wanted X Windows, you had to use something called
OroborOSX. Apple now has its own X11 that starts up and draws a lot faster,
which comes with Leopard. It doesn’t install automatically when you install
Leopard; you need to get it from “Optional Installs” package on the
Leopard install disk. To get X11
to start automatically, go to the “Accounts”
panel in the System Preferences.” Click on your account, and drag X11 into the
“Startup Items.”


Note: The rest of the information in this section is old. I now login to
remote shells via the “New Remote Connection…” feature of the Terminal.


You can put custom commands in the Applications menu in Apple’s X11. I
like to customize Terminal (in the X11 menu, not Apple’s Terminal program)
like this:



xterm -sl 1000 -sb -rightbar


I also like to set up custom commands to log into different machines,
for instance, a Bigzilla command which executes



xterm -sl 1000 -sb rightbar -title bigzilla -e ssh bigzilla.ece.gatech.edu


You can edit the
customizations directly by modifying the text file




/Users/lanterma/Library/Preferences/com.apple.x11.plist



(Clicking on the above link will show you my X11 customization file.)

Emacs

Those of you who like Emacs (which includes me if I don’t have TextMate
available) may find this section useful. I haven’t updated it since
I upgraded to Leopard, so reader beware – what is given in the rest of
this section may no longer be valid.


I used to use a Carbon version of Emacs by Mindlube from
mindlube.com/products/emacs/index.html.
I’ve since switched to Aquamacs, which
is much much much nicer – it adds a lot of Mac interface conventions on top of
Emacs.


It is set up as an OS X Application, meaning you can just double-click on
it. The menus show up along the very top of the screen
as in a usual Mac application. I like putting Emacs in the Application folder
and also dragging it to the Dock for fast access.


The Emacs that comes standard with Mac OS X is a non-fancy version
that doesn’t know about mice and other such things. To be able to run
the fancy Jaguar version you downloaded from the command line, you need to do
something like the following from a Terminal or xterm:


cd /usr/bin % find the standard boring Emacs
sudo mv emacs emacs_old % move it elsewhere

and make a new file called “emacs” (also need to use sudo
to be able to edit files in /usr/bin, i.e. “sudo vi emacs”) containing:



#!/bin/sh
/Applications/Emacs.app/Contents/MacOS/Emacs "$@"


Then do



sudo chmod a+x emacs


so it’s runnable as a script.


Now when you type Emacs
from the command line, it brings up the cool Panther version of Emacs.

Aaron’s .emacs File

As an aside, I’ve found it useful to have this .emacs file in my home
directory:



(setq auto-mode-alist
(cons '(".tex'" . latex-mode) auto-mode-alist))

(define-key esc-map "G" 'goto-line)


You can type Escape, capital-G, and then a line number to quickly go to a
specific line.
Also, putting in this line will make it automatically put different
syntatic features in different colors for LaTex, C, HTML, whatever…



(global-font-lock-mode 1)

–>

<!–

Fink

There’s a convenient program called
Fink
which lets you download, install,
and uninstall various programs from the open source community. Most of
the programs available using Fink come from the Linux world; nice folks
with time on their hands have worked to make these things compile and run
on OS X.


After you install Fink, you’ll need to add this line to your .bashrc file
in your home directory:


source /sw/bin/init.csh


To get programs, run sudo dselect


There’s two ways to use fink. One way is from the unix command lind.
The sudo tells the computer to run dselect as root, so that it can
modify necessary things.


The dselect
interface is ASCII terminal based, and so it’s a bit clunky, but it’s
better than the raw fink command line interface. Using dselect, you first
always want to [U]pdate the list of available packages. Then
you [S]elect
the packages you want. Once dselect is happy with your
selections, you can
[I]nstall them.


Selecting packages can get a bit confusing. Fink will want you to install
other packages which the package you want depends on. In general, you want
to go ahead and install everything it recommends, with a few important
exceptions.
One important exception is
X windows applications, which will generally ask you to install various
things with “xfree86” in the name. If you’ve already installed OroborOSX as
described above, you already have free86 floating around, and you don’t
want fink trying to install a new one. So, you want to turn off installation
of anything xfree86ish, except you do want to “install”
system-xfree86, which is just a placeholder to let Fink know you’ve
previously installed free86.


After you install something with Fink, it’s a good idea to type
source .bashrc to make sure the system knows that new things have
appeared.
–>

Useful Programs

  • I love TextMate. Yes, I bought it.
    Yes, I know there are a lot of editors out there, many of them free. I just
    really really really like it.

  • Fugu is a fantastic
    file transfer (SFTP/SCP/SSH) client.

  • You can get LaTex in several ways. I think the easiest way is to use
    the
    MacTeX package. Downloading
    it from the main MacTeX website is extremely slow, so I suggest trying
    to find it at a mirror. You run the installer, and everything happens by
    magic.

  • The Gimp
    is a rather nice open source image manipulation tool, similar to Photoshop.
    There are several ways to get it, but the easiest is to get

    the self-contained
    application bundle at by Wilder Loves Apple
    .

    <!–

  • RealOne Player (you have to
    look hard to find the Free RealOne Player, but it’s there!) –>

  • DivX codec
  • Mozilla Firefox
    is useful in case there’s a webpage
    Safari has trouble with

<!–

Mac OS 9

This no longer comes automatically installed, but it’s a good idea to
install it anyway, since you might run across an old program you might want
to run.
–>

If You’re Georgia Tech Faculty…

We’ve got site licenses for Microsoft Office 2004, Matlab, Mathematica,
and LabView.
Matlab and LabView
are
available from the ECS
website; the others from the OIT website.


I was able to get the Matlab 7 to talk to the campus license server with
no problem (I never could with the older versions of Matlab.)

Aaron’s .bashrc file

Here’s my .profile file (this is started by “login shells,” such as the
Terminal). My .bashrc
file (started by “non-login shells,” which includes xterms)
just says “source .profile,” since as if right now I don’t need
them to be different.
Among other cool things, this causes directory listings to show up in color.
(The color scheme doesn’t work well against the black background, so I use
the “Basic” Terminal window style. Another Terminal tip: Try turning on
anti-aliasing, and
setting your font to 12-point Monaco.)
Note there’s also a “clean” alias which lets you clean up the backup files
that emacs makes, along with various temp files that LaTex creates.



export PATH=/opt/local/bin:/opt/local/sbin:$PATH
export DISPLAY=:0.0
export EDITOR=/usr/bin/mate
export TERM=xterm-color
export CLICOLOR=true
export LSCOLORS=exfxcxdxbxegedabagacad


# source /sw/bin/init.sh


alias clean='rm -f *~ *# *.aux *.blg *.log *.dvi'
alias ls='ls -G'
alias rm='rm -i'
alias cp='cp -i'
alias mv='mv -i'


#note you don't want to this script to
#delete the aux files; latex needs this available
#on multiple passes!
lt() {
if [ -e "$@".tex ]; then
latex "$@"
bibtex "$@"
latex "$@"
dvips -G0 -Ppdf -o "$@".ps "$@".dvi
rm -f "$@".dvi
ps2pdf "$@".ps
rm -f "$@".ps "$@".blg "$@".log
open "$@".pdf
else
echo "file does not exist"
fi
}